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Recipient welfare empowerment and sustainable productive welfare in the state of Selangor


Jayamalar, Jaganathan (2016) Recipient welfare empowerment and sustainable productive welfare in the state of Selangor. Doctoral thesis, Asia e University.

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Abstract

Participation in productive welfare programmes provide opportunities to welfare recipients in Malaysia to enhance their entrepreneurial skills as a form of selfemployment for individual empowerment and financial sustainability without depending on welfare aid. The challenges for the government however, lies in sustaining the awareness and interest level of welfare recipients to ensure sustainable participation in the productive welfare programmes for their empowerment and self-sufficiency. Hence, this study aims at measuring the perceived attributes namely, relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, observability and trialability as well as its effect on participation, adoptercategory group and the empowerment nature of the programme participants. A total of two hundred and sixty-six (266) productive welfare participants were selected non-randomly from all eleven districts in Selangor to assess their effect of participation in productive welfare using Roger’s Model of Diffusion of Innovation (DOI). This quantitative study used SPSS for descriptive statistics and AMOS Structural Equation Model (SEM) to analyse the relationships between variables to investigate the contribution of the five dimensions of perceived attributes that influenced participation and adopter-category for the nature of empowerment outcomes among the participants. The results of this study showed that, among the unique predictors for perceived attributes, trialability is the only factor that indicated significant contribution in improving the psychological empowerment among productive welfare participants, whereas compatibility, trialability and participation have significantly contributed in predicting economic empowerment. The adopter-category was not a moderator between perceived attributes and empowerment outcomes. Relative advantage and compatibility had a mediating effect of participation between perceived attributes and psychological empowerment whereas only relative advantage had a mediating effect on economic empowerment. Summarily, the significance of this study suggests that there is a relationship between perceived attributes, participation and adopter-category in affecting the sustainability of productive welfare. Finally, this study provides practical recommendations to programme participants, policymakers and practitioners of social work to improve the programme according to adopter-category and viable strategies that can further help increase the nature of empowerment of the participants in adding values to the governments productive welfare programme.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
Divisions: School of Management
Depositing User: Ms Nur Liyana Abd Halil
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2017 03:26
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2017 07:10
URI: http://ur.aeu.edu.my/id/eprint/151

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