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Effect of leadership on the motivation of employees in the municipal services sector in the Kingdom of Bahrain


Mohammad Faisal Salem, Mohammad (2015) Effect of leadership on the motivation of employees in the municipal services sector in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Doctoral thesis, Asia e University.

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Abstract

The Municipal Services Sector in the Kingdom of Bahrain has been developed significantly during the last ten years by exploiting many crucial developments. However with those kinds of developments, the internal work environment needs to be changed. Autocracy and bureaucracy, in addition to other factors such as internal and interpersonal communications and absence of work team culture and practices, have negative effects on the internal work environment as well as prohibiting the effects of the new developments to take place clearly and smoothly. High emphasis has been put on the services and the way in which they are provided as well as the work structure and the management styles. There is an essential need to put more emphasis on the issues of leadership and motivation. This study has investigated the effect of transformational leadership, transactional leadership, and laissez-faire on motivating the employees toward achieving high work performance by exerting extra efforts. Moreover, the study has investigated the moderating effect of position, gender, age, educational level and years of work experience on the relationship between leadership and motivation. The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) 5X version has been used to collect data from 94 leaders and 993 subordinates from the Municipal Services Sector. The results showed that motivation is significantly affected by some elements of the transformational leadership and the transactional leadership in the Municipal Services Sector. They showed also significant effect of some leadership elements on motivation with respect to specific moderating factors. The study recommended the considering of recruiting people with specific leadership traits to occupy the leadership positions or developing the existing ones. It also recommended the building of effective and efficient systems for monitoring and controlling, rewarding and recognition, and staff interaction.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Divisions: School of Graduate Studies
Depositing User: Ms Nur Liyana Abd Halil
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2017 06:54
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2017 09:24
URI: http://ur.aeu.edu.my/id/eprint/102

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